AFTERMATH OF THE BATTLE OF NEWTOWN!
After burying the dead and sending the wounded back to Ft. Sullivan at Tioga Point, the army moved northward and began a systematic destruction of the Indian towns and fields in its path.
Gen. Sullivan decided not to go on to attack Ft. Niagara as originally planned. It was late in the season and his men were not equipped for the colder weather which would start soon, the expedition under Colonel Broadhead had not met them as planned, and Sullivan did not feel that his tired , poorly equipped army could successfully storm the heavily fortified and well armed Ft. Niagara. He felt that it was important to return his army intact to General Washington for further use in the course of the war.
Accordingly, General Sullivan issued an order wherein he said:
“The Commander-in-chief informs his brave and resolute army that the immediate objects of this expedition are accomplished, viz: total ruin of the Indian settlements and the destruction of their crops, which were designed for the support of those inhuman barbarians, while they were desolating the American frontiers. He is by no means insensible to the obligations he i sunder to those brave officers and soldiers whose virtue and fortitude have enabled him to complete the important design of the expedition, and he assures them he will not fail to inform America at large how much they stand indebted to them. The army will this day will commence its march for Tioga.”
After the war ended, many of the soldiers from the campaign were attracted back to the scenic fertile lands of which they once laid waste. By most accounts they lived carved out good lives for themselves and their families and are forever laid to rest in the region once known as the mysterious Indian frontier.
SIX RESULTS OF THE SULLIVAN EXPEDITION
1. The Six Nations were so crushed that the Iroquois never again made war as a confederacy.
2.The confidence of the Indians in his British allies was definitely shaken.
3. An impending British attack from Ft. Niagara was thwarted.
4. The food supply of the British was cut off, and in addition, they were forced to feed the destitute Indians who fled to Ft. Niagara to escape Sullivan’s army.
5. The success of the expedition gave the war new vigor on all fronts.
6. It won for the colonies a great western territory which was to place them in a good position when later the war ended and peace terms and lands were discussed.
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